July 9, 1868: The 14th Amendment is Adopted
On this day in 1868, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. It extended citizenship and its benefits to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” regardless of their race or gender, although it took nearly 100 years for this principle to be enforced.
Learn more about the 14th Amendment with Constitution USA with Peter Sagal
This is why I study both political science and history. To understand how adoptions like this one occurred and how it influenced history and how those decisions affect people today. This is another reason why I ultimately would like to go into constitutional law.
As Gerald N. Rosenberg pointed out in The Hollow Hope, the Courts do not have the power to enforce the principle alone. There are a couple other cases that could be cited, like Reynolds v. Sims, Craig v. Boren, United States v. Windsor, Reed v. Reed and Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (if i can cite all of these, then this is clearly my calling). All branches of government need to work together to make sure people are treated equally on the basis of race and gender.